Princeton, New Jersey is the name of a township and a borough in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States. The township completely surrounds the borough; they are referred together as "the two Princetons". Before the formation of Mercer County in 1836, the two Princetons were part of Somerset County, New Jersey.
Princeton is home to Princeton University (originally the College of New Jersey). The university campus lies mostly within Princeton Borough, but parts of it extend into Princeton Township. Princeton is also home to Morven, the former home of Richard Stockton, a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence who was forced to flee his home during the Revolution. Morven is the current home of the New Jersey Historical Society and former Governor's mansion of the state; the current Governor's mansion is Drumthwacket, a mansion outside the center of town.
During the War for Independence, British and American armies crossed New Jersey several times. On January 3, 1777, the American forces led by George Washington scored an important victory over British forces led by Charles Cornwallis in the Battle of Princeton.
In the summer of 1783, the Continental Congress met in Nassau Hall at Princeton University, making Princeton the country's capital for four months. It was there that the Continental Congress learned of the signing of the Treaty of Paris (1783) which ended the war. After the war, in the 1790s, when the United States was first founded and Washington, D.C. was being built, Princeton University's Nassau Hall served as a temporary capital for the fledgling republic.
In 1894, during his second term as President, Grover Cleveland bought a house in Princeton. He later died in Princeton. After his death, he was buried in the local cemetery.
In 1912, a former professor at Princeton and Governor of New Jersey named Woodrow Wilson was elected President of the United States. He served two terms as President, wrote the Fourteen Points, and was President during World War I.
In 1933, Albert Einstein arrived at Princeton, where he was affiliated with the Institute for Advanced Study.
Princeton has been the setting of several motion pictures, most notably the Academy Award-winning A Beautiful Mind about the schizophrenic mathematician John Nash. The 1994 film "I.Q.," featuring Meg Ryan, Tim Robbins, and Walter Matthau as Albert Einstein, was also set in Princeton.
Princeton is located at 40°21'8" North, 74°39'25" West
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 4.8 km˛ (1.9 mi˛) and none of the area is covered with water.
As of the census of 2000, there are 14,203 people, 3,326 households, and 1,692 families residing in the borough.
The population density is 2,964.2/km˛ (7,686.3/mi˛).
The median income for a household in the borough is $67,346, and the median income for a family is $102,957.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Princeton".