Ferdinand Edralin Marcos (September 11, 1917 - September 28, 1989) was the President of the Philippines from December 30, 1965 until February 25, 1986.
On September 21, 1972 he declared martial law and made himself dictator. On January 17, 1973 Marcos then declared himself President for Life of the Philippines.
The Marcos regime was marred by widespread corruption and political mis-management. Marcos, and his glamorous wife Imelda lived an extremely lavish lifestyle while much of the country's population remained mired in poverty. Such insensitivity would eventually lead to their downfall.
On February 25, 1986 Marcos fled the Philippines following a massive public backlash after an unsucessful attempt to rig an election (see EDSA Revolution). He lived in exile in Hawaii until his death in 1989.